• Boost for Vodafone as new entrant plan fails to re-emerge and Digi is locked out.

Top trio gain clear run on 5G spectrum

Top trio gain clear run on 5G spectrum

Source: Vodafone

Further controversy bubbled up around Hungary’s 5G auction plans after fourth mobile player Digi Hungary was blocked from joining in.

The country’s Nemzeti Média- és Hírközlési Hatóság (National Media and Infocommunications Authority/NMHH) issued a statement indicating that Hungary’s three main mobile operators – Magyar Telekom (MT), Telenor Hungary, and Vodafone Hungary (VfH) – were the only businesses to have been cleared to participate in the sell-off, giving them a free run on bidding.

The missive further indicated that “an applicant who did not meet the eligibility criteria was not registered by the NMHH”. Pay-TV and broadband player Digi subsequently confirmed it was this “applicant”, and that it will challenge the decision “by all means, according to the Hungarian and European law”. In a statement, Romanian parent Digi Communications accused the Hungarian authorities of having made a series of “adverse and controversial” decisions against it. Digi has long provided mobile services via a wholesale relationship with Telenor, but only has around 50,000 users. It controls some spectrum, at 1800MHz and 3.6GHz, but only released its full, facilities-based DigiMOBIL offering in May 2019, after prolonged preparations.

Local reports suggested Digi’s exclusion could be related to a clause in the licence tender document, blocking applicants that have violated antitrust rules. The provider was recently fined over information provided to authorities ahead of its 2018-2019 takeover of the consumer business of wireline player Invitel, which underwent a fractious regulatory review. This interpretation was not confirmed by the NMHH, however.

The auction – which will offer up 15-year licences in the 700MHz, 2.1GHz, 2.6GHz, and 3.6GHz bands, with a five-year extension option – is scheduled to begin in October 2019. For MT, this brings an opportunity to expand its network platform beyond existing 800MHz, 900MHz, 1800MHz, 2.1GHz, 2.6GHz, and 3.5GHz frequency rights, and build a strong base for 5G services.

Sighs of relief

The prospect of a reduced level of competition for the 5G licences will naturally have been welcomed at both VfH and Vodafone, which will have been fearful of contagion risk from expensive and condition-laden 5G licence sell-offs in Germany and Italy (Vodafonewatch, #169 and #177).

Vodafone may well have also been relieved to see no new entrant emerge as a bidder, particularly from a government that has not been shy of getting directly involved in private enterprise. Back in 2012, a state-led consortium called MPVI Mobil was in line to become Hungary’s fourth player, after securing frequencies during a 900MHz auction. However, the initiative collapsed after a legal challenge by the three incumbents, and the results of the sell-off were annulled (Vodafonewatch, #111 and passim). Perhaps part-inspired by Drillisch’s gains from the German auction, authorities in other European markets, such as the Czech Republic, have shown eagerness to use 5G auctions to reignite plans for stronger number-four mobile challengers (Vodafonewatch, #177).

Spectrum bills in pipeline: Vodafone’s Europe Region spectrum agenda, 2019–2020
MarketBands mooted for liberalisation or renewalExpected end of award procedure
(some tentative and prone to slippage)
Sources: Regulators; Vodafone; and Vodafonewatch.

Czech Republic

700MHz / 3.4GHz–3.6GHz






700MHz / 2.1GHz / 2.6GHz / 3.4GHz–3.8GHz


The Netherlands

700MHz / 1500MHz / 2.1GHz



700MHz / 3.4GHz–3.8GHz



700MHz / 800MHz / 1500MHz / 2.6GHz / 3.5GHz



700MHz / 3.6GHz–3.8GHz