- DT and cablecos Netcologne and Tele Columbus file ‘actions for annulment’.
- Dominance of TV services for the housing market remains a thorn in DT’s side.
Deutsche Telekom (DT) made good on its threat to seek a judicial review of the European Union’s (EU) approval of Vodafone Germany’s merger with Unitymedia (Vodafonewatch, #178; Deutsche Telekomwatch, #85; and passim). According to reports in German media, DT and cablecos Netcologne and Tele Columbus filed ‘actions for annulment’ at the General Court of the European Union — one of the two courts that make up the Court of Justice of the European Union. The court’s Curia website lists cases against the European Commission (EC) by all three operators, without providing any further details.
Medienkorrespondenz reported that all three plaintiffs believe the merger is unlawful and threatens to distort competition in the cable broadband and TV markets. For its part, DT was said to have pointed to “various serious competitive disadvantages in the television markets that were insufficiently taken into account when the merger was approved”, while Tele Columbus stated that the EC had made procedural errors during its investigation. During the presentation of DT’s fourth‑quarter results for 2019, Hannes Wittig, Head of Investor Relations at DT, cited “dominance in the TV market and the dominance in the housing market” as the Group’s primary concerns.
Medienkorrespondenz said Vodafone and Unitymedia have a combined 70%–80% share of the ‘Gestattungsmarkt’ (licensing market), where cable network operators compete for contracts with Germany’s housing associations in order to supply rental apartments with cable TV. A total of eleven million households in Germany are said to be provided with TV services under such contracts. Timotheus Höttges, Chief Executive (CEO) of DT, has often expressed concern over cablecos’ strength through these historical bulk service contracts with housing associations — a market DT has long highlighted plans to break back into, but without flagging obvious organisational thrust or progress.
- It is not clear if the Fachverband Rundfunk- und BreitbandKommunikation (FRK), an association of about 160 small‑ and medium-size cable operators in Germany, is involved in the legal action against the EC over the Unitymedia merger. The FRK had signalled it could join a community of plaintiffs to spread the legal costs should efforts to secure legal aid prove unsuccessful (Vodafonewatch, #180). As well as DT, Netcologne, Tele Columbus, and cablecos EWE TEL and wilhelm.tel have previously been cited as potential participants.
Lawyers being kept busy
DT’s move adds to an already multi‑layered legal and regulatory sub‑plot to its rivalry with Vodafone. DT is already engaged in separate and long‑running legal cases brought by Kabel Deutschland (KDG) — another cableco acquired by Vodafone Germany in 2014 — as well as Unitymedia over fees it charged them for shared use of cable ducts. DT and KDG have been in dispute over the charges since 2012. According to DT’s latest Annual Report, KDG estimated its latest claims at around €624m. Although the Bundesgerichtshof (Federal Court of Justice) ruled in KDG’s favour in January 2017 (Deutsche Telekomwatch, #60), meaning that the case was referred back to the Oberlandesgericht Frankfurt am Main (Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main/OLG), the OLG rejected the appeal in December 2018 and disallowed a further appeal.
In similar proceedings, Unitymedia filed claims against DT in January 2013, demanding a refund of €570m plus interest and calling on DT to cease charging “more than a specific and precisely stated amount for the shared use of cable ducts”. The claim was dismissed by Landgericht Köln (Cologne Regional Court) in October 2016. Then, in March 2018, the Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court) rejected the appeal against this decision. In both proceedings, the plaintiffs have lodged a complaint against the non‑allowance of appeal with the Federal Court of Justice.
Keep calm and carry on
As things stand, Vodafone’s public position is that it believes the lawsuits have little chance of success. Its stock response has been that the EC “thoroughly examined the takeover of Unitymedia by Vodafone by means of market tests and extensive surveys, among other things”. A VfD spokesperson told Broadband TV News that the operator is “relaxed about the legal action”.
Just months after gaining approval from the EC to acquire the cable operator from Liberty Global, the DT rival has already signalled that the end is nigh for the Unitymedia brand. VfD has started the process of rebranding shops, and is now offering all cable and mobile products under the Vodafone brand. That in turn provides more competition to DT in the provision of fixed‑line and mobile service bundles.